Having flat feet is a common problem for many people. It is also known as pes planus or fallen arches. This condition is easily identifiable as it is quite obvious. The doctors at AOKC may diagnose you with flat feet if the arch on the inside of your foot is flattened. When you stand up, the entire sole of your foot will touch the floor. Normally the inside of your foot will have a curvature raising the sole of your foot off the floor.
Flat feet is a condition that is often present at birth with no specific cause. However, it can occur following an injury such as mid-tarsal joint sprains or fractures. It can also be caused by a condition called Tibialis Posterior Syndrome.
Flat feet is often confused with overpronation which is when the foot rolls inward and the arch collapses when you walk. The arch will appear normal when standing. Overpronation is more difficult to diagnose than flat feet. In order to avoid injury, it is important for you to have your feet evaluated if you suspect that you have either of these conditions. The doctors at AOKC will be able to determine which condition you may have.
Flat feet and overpronation of your feet cause your tibia to rotate inward applying pressure to your medial knee. Your thigh will then rotate laterally. The natural position of your lower limb changes and may cause pain in your shin, knee, hip, or lower back.
These conditions may worsen if you participate in sports that require you to run or move your feet at a fast pace. Common sports injuries caused by these conditions include plantar fasciitis, tarsal tunnel syndrome, Achilles tendon, shin splints, IT band syndrome, patellofemoral pain, and hip bursitis.
Runners are commonly advised to have their gait evaluated by a doctor like those at AOKC in order to determine which type of running shoes they need. Anyone participating in sports would benefit from a gait evaluation not just runners. Changing your footwear or using arch support insoles can make a huge difference in your performance, general aches and pains, and risk of injury.