Sports activities and repeated use of shoulder at workplace may lead to sliding of the upper arm bone, the ball portion, from the socket portion of the shoulder. The dislocation can be a partial dislocation (subluxation) or a complete dislocation causing pain and shoulder joint instability. Shoulder joint often dislocates in the forward direction, and it may also dislocate in backward or downward direction.
The most common symptoms of shoulder dislocation are pain and shoulder joint instability. Swelling, bruising and numbness may also occur. Shoulder dislocation may also cause tears in the ligaments or tendons of the shoulder and nerve damage.
The doctor will perform a thorough physical examination of the and may order an X-ray to confirm the diagnosis.
Dislocated Shoulder is treated by closed reduction, a process which involves placing the ball of the upper arm back into the socket. Following this, the shoulder is immobilized using a sling for several weeks. Ice may be applied over the area for 3-4 times a day.
Physical therapy exercises will be started to restore range of motion, once the pain and swelling decrease.